|Tuesday, 20 November 2007|
Topic: Landing Page Optimization: Increasing Conversion by 150% and Lead Gen by 2,379% with an Effective Call-to-Action
Which changes will produce the best Conversion results when optimizing a Call-to-Action? Can distinct approaches be combined to increase both sales and leads?
Previous test results have shown that a single change is typically a trade-off: It may have a negative impact on direct, immediate Conversion but if combined with an effective basket-recovery effort it will increase overall Conversion.
In this brief we’ll look at a case study in which changes to a
Editor’s Note: We recently released the audio recording of our clinic on this topic. You can listen to a recording of this clinic here:
Case Study 1
We conducted this test for a reference book publisher with whom we have had a long-term, successful partnership.
The company has a solid Value Proposition. Its research articles are written by respected, trusted experts in many different fields. It offers a free trial of its product.
Our previous efforts had twice resulted in quite significant conversion increases, but we had yet to hit a “home run” in terms of an effective basket-recovery campaign.
Previous test results have shown that adding email capture can have a negative impact on direct, immediate Conversion by increasing Friction and Anxiety but ultimately increase overall Conversion when the lead is used in an effective basket-recovery campaign. We used that as the basis for our test design: Capture leads for a basket-recovery campaign that will increase the effective Conversion rate to the free-trial offer.
The set-up for the test was relatively simple:
The paths for the test protocol were straightforward:
CTR = Click-through Rate
The primary research question was:
Which article page will produce higher Lead Generation and free trial Conversion rates?
But we’re going to start by answering one of our secondary research questions first:
Will adding email capture on the “teaser” article page decrease its Click-Through Rate?
What you need to understand: The Control Page outperformed the Treatment Page by 54%.
The green button design had worked very well for us in previous tests and had produced a significant gain, but adding email capture decreased the Click-through Rate to the offer page, as anticipated.
The “login instructions” copy on the Treatment page may have also increased anxiety by making it sound difficult to access the rest of the article. We will consider those factors as we design further tests, but based on previous tests, our analysts were not surprised by these results.
That leads us to the first half of our primary research question:
Which article path, the Control or the Treatment, would produce higher Lead Generation results?
Even though the Control article page did not have an email capture field on it, if visitors clicked through to the next page — the offer page — they were asked for their email address, name, and credit card information.
The Treatment article page had an email capture field added to the Call-to-Action. The email address was automatically loaded on the offer page if the visitor had already entered it on the article “teaser” page before clicking through.
What you need to understand: The Treatment Path outperformed the Control Path by 2,379% in terms of the number of leads captured.
So once again, adding email capture to the article teaser page significantly increased the number of leads generated, even though the click-through rate to the offer page had declined sharply due to the increased Friction and Anxiety.
Now, while we know that a highly qualified email capture lead has significant inherent marketing value, the additional research question remains:
Will a recovery email campaign using those leads increase the effective free trial Conversion Rate?
We sent out two emails. The first was sent 1 hour after the incomplete free-trial sign-up process; the second was sent 24 hours later.
In our recent clinic on Lead Generation we reviewed a case study in which an email campaign increased conversion for a financial newsletter service by 56%.
When sending basket-recovery emails we have consistently achieved the best results by using short paragraphs written in a very customer service-oriented and helpful tone free from sales hype.
The 24-hour version of the email steps up the level of urgency by specifying that “This is our last attempt to contact you” in the first sentence and “if you do not respond to this email, we will remove your information. . . . and you may miss out. . . .” in the postscript text.
The Treatment’s recovery emails had almost no impact on the free trial Conversion rate.
In fact, only four free trial orders were recovered using the email campaign. Follow-on analysis is underway to determine why the basket recovery campaign results fell short of the expected range of likely outcomes, and further testing may be conducted.
That brings us back to the second half of our primary research question:
Which article page will result in more conversions to free trial sign-up?
Did adding email capture to our Call-to-Action hurt direct Conversion?
What you need to understand: The Treatment path overall Conversion rate from article page to confirmation outperformed the Control Path by 15%. The step-level Conversion rate from offer page to confirmation was 150% higher for the Treatment Path than for the Control path.
Step-level Conversion rate is essentially the Conversion from one step or stage in the sale process to a specific subsequent step rather than from arrival to confirmation page. We did observe that visitors who clicked through to the Treatment offer page were twice as likely to sign up for the free trial.
Remember: Adding email capture to the Treatment article page increased Friction and Anxiety and decreased the CTR to the Offer page in Finding #1. Why did Conversion to the free trial increase? Did automatically loading the email address on the offer page make a difference?
Let's look closely at the two Calls-to-Action again, side-by-side:
Using the test data available, MarketingExperiments analysts made the following observations:
Key Point: Optimizing the Call-to-Action, such as changing the green button to orange in the Treatment path, helped to mitigate the impact of additional Friction from email capture. When we pulled the email capture forward to the article “teaser” page in the Treatment Path we expected to see a Friction-induced reduction in Click-Through rate, but those visitors who did enter email addresses and clicked through were much more likely to complete the remainder of the process and register for the free trial. The net outcome was a 15% increase in overall conversion to free trial, plus more than 18,000 (2,379%) more qualified sales leads for this and potentially other related products.
Here’s an aggregate view of the three findings:
RELATED MARKETING EXPERIMENTS REPORTS:
As part of our research, we have prepared a review of the best Internet resources on this topic.
These sites were rated for usefulness and clarity, but alas, the rating is purely subjective.
* = Decent | ** = Good | *** = Excellent | **** = Indispensable
Editor(s) — Frank Green
Writer(s) — Gaby Diaz
Contributor(s) — Flint McGlaughlin
HTML Designer — Cliff Rainer
Email Designer — Holly Hicks